CELLULAR WONDERS

Cellular WondersThe study of unveiling how genes work is of paramount importance for future progress in medicine. Since cracking the code, the human genome has changed the way researchers view how the human body functions. It wasn’t until the beginning of last century that the location of a gene was uncovered and in 1953 James D. Watson of the United States, and Francis H.C. Crick of Great Britain, published their landmark paper about the composition and helical structure of DNA. In addition, further research revealed that a chemical code inherent in cells provides genetic information.

It is indeed a mystery to realize how things work in the human body. For instance, you would not expect a cat to give birth to a dog and vice-versa. Thus, the study of genetics affords to give answers to this dilemma. Cells in the human organism are a marvelous creation and the basic unit of life. Within each cell is a swarming micro-universe of compartments, structures, and chemical agents-and each human being has billions of cells. Believe it or not, the late astronomer Carl Sagan observed that a single human being is composed of what he referred to as an “ambulatory collection of 1014 cells”! The Nobel laureate, F.H. Crick stated that if one were to translate the coded information of one human cell into book form, one would require one thousand volumes each of five hundred pages to do so!

Thus, understanding the minuscule world within each cell is a major enterprise that researchers are trying to decipher what modern biologists now describe as “distributive real-time computers” and complex information processing systems. The structure of the DNA is such that it replicates each time a cell divides into two, with each of these two cells carrying the same genetic information. It is estimated that it takes about 20-80 minutes for the division, and during this time an equivalent of one thousand books is copied correctly.

It is the genetic cellular code that regulates life and an accurate cell division is of paramount importance for life to be sustained. Moreover, there is general consensus that the genetic code is universal irrespective of how different living things are whether animal, plant, bug or blob, it will use the same language and know the same code. You may wonder, what does it take to believe that indeed there is intelligent design in this universe? As stated in the Bible, there was only ONE creation, and one single event when life was formed. And God is a unity.  He is a single, whole, complete indivisible entity.

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